天然气地球科学

• 天然气地质学 • 上一篇    下一篇

塔里木盆地东秋里塔格构造带构造特征及其油气地质意义

杨敏,赵一民,闫磊,李洪辉,张欣欣,徐振平,罗浩渝   

  1. 1.中国石油勘探开发研究院,北京 100083;2.中国科学院地质与地球物理研究所,北京 100029;
    3.中国石油塔里木油田公司勘探开发研究院,新疆 库尔勒 841000
  • 收稿日期:2018-03-02 修回日期:2018-04-14 出版日期:2018-06-10 发布日期:2018-06-10
  • 作者简介:杨敏(1987-),女,四川南充人,工程师,主要从事地震地质综合解释研究.E-mail:yangmin_tlm@petrochina.com.cn.
  • 基金资助:

    中国石油天然气股份有限公司专项[编号:2014E-2019(GF)]资助.

Structural features of the eastern Qiulitage Tectonic Beltand petroleum geological significance

Yang Min,Zhao Yi-min,Yan Lei,Li Hong-hui,Zhang Xin-xin,Xu Zhen-ping,Luo Hao-yu   

  1. 1.PetroChina Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development,Beijing 100083,China;
    2.Institute of Geology and Geophysics,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100029,China;
    3.PetroChina Tarim Oilfield Company,Korla 841000,China
  • Received:2018-03-02 Revised:2018-04-14 Online:2018-06-10 Published:2018-06-10

摘要:

位于库车坳陷中部的东秋里塔格构造带是库车前陆冲断带的前缘,该构造带东段的迪那2凝析气田是我国目前发现的规模最大的整装凝析气田,含气层位为渐新统苏维依组与库姆格列木群,但构造带中西段的东秋5井、东秋6井、东秋8井在古近系目的层都勘探失利。对该地区构造样式认识上的分歧,地质认识不统一制约了该地区的油气勘探进程。研究以最新处理的三维地震资料为基础,结合二维地震资料,以前陆盆地构造冲断带和断层相关褶皱理论为指导,建立合理的构造模式。通过三维地震精细解释,发现在东秋里塔格构造带西段膏盐岩下发育双重逆冲构造,它的顶板逆冲断层和浅层发育的相同倾向的逆冲断层在吉迪克膏盐岩地层中可能重合,从而引起侏罗系—三叠系的油气向上逸散直至地表。同时,膏盐岩层下构造层中发育多排北倾逆冲断层以及相关构造样式,在2套膏盐岩层叠置并发育叠瓦扇构造和断层相关褶皱的区域,具有重要的勘探潜力。

关键词: 塔里木盆地, 东秋里塔格构造带, 膏盐层, 双重逆冲构造, 断层相关褶皱

Abstract:

The eastern Qiulitage tectonic belt is the front of the Kuqa foreland thrust belt in the middle of the Kuqa Depression.Dina 2 gas field,the largest unitization condensate gas field in China so far,was discovered in the east of the tectonic belt.The gas-bearing layers are the Oligocene Suweiyi Formation and Kumugeliemu Group.However,three wells,Dongqiu 5,Dongqiu 6 and Dongqiu 8,in the middle and west of the structural belt failed to explore in the Paleogene target formations.The differences in the understanding of the tectonic pattern and geology restrict the oil and gas exploration process in this area.Based on the newly-processed 3D seismic data and 2D seismic data,we establish reasonable structure models in this study with the guidance of the tectonic thrust belt and fault-related fold theory of the foreland basin.Through fine seismic interpretation,we find that the presalt develop duplex thrust structure in the west section of the eastern Qiulitage tectonic belt.The roof thrust may coincide with the shallow thrust fault of the same dip in gypsum-salt layer of Jidike Formation,which may cause the oil and gas of Jurassic-Triassic to escape to the surface.Meanwhile,we find a series of north-tilting thrust faults and related structures under gypsum-salt formation of Neogene.These zones where two sets of gypsum salt rocks overlap,the imbricate fan and fault-related fold develop have a significance exploration potential.

Key words: Tarim Basin, Eastern Qiulitage tectonic belt, Gypsum salt rock, Duplex thrust structure, Fault-related fold

中图分类号: 

  • TE121.1+1

[1]Miao Jijun,Jia Chengzao,Wang Zhaoming,et al.Structural segmentation and reservoir-formation along the Qiulitage anticline belt of Kuche thrust belt,Tarim Basin[J].Petroleum Exploration and Development,2004,31(6):20-24.[ZK)]
苗继军,贾承造,王招明,等.秋里塔格构造带构造分段特征与油气成藏[J].石油勘探与开发,2004,31(6):20-24.
[2]Han Zhirui,Zeng Lianbo,Gao Zhiyong.Difference of structural deformation and reservoir physical property in Qiulitage  structural belt of Kuqa foreland basin[J].Natural Gas Geoscience,2014,25(4):508-515.
韩志锐,曾联波,高志勇.库车前陆盆地秋里塔格构造带东、西段构造变形与储层物性的差异性[J].天然气地球科学,2014,25(4):508-515.
[3]Wang Zhaoming.Discussion of ceiling effect in foreland thrust belt of Kuqa Depression[J].Natural Gas Geoscience,2013,24(4):671-677.
王招明.试论库车前陆冲断带构造顶蓬效应[J].天然气地球科学,2013,24(4):671-677.
[4]Wang Zhaoming.Formation mechanism and enrichment regularities of Kelasu subsalt deep large gas field in Kuqa Depression,Tarim Basin[J].Natural Gas Geoscience,2014,25(2):153-166.
王招明.塔里木盆地库车坳陷克拉苏盐下深层气田形成机制与富集规律[J].天然气地球科学,2014,25(2):153-166.
[5]Zeng Qingquan,Kong Fansshu,Zheng Li,et al.Views on gravomagnetic and electric exploration in Kuqa foreland basin[J].Acta Petrolei Sinica,2003,31(6):28-33.
曾庆全,孔繁恕,郑莉,等.库车前陆盆地重磁电勘探述评[J].石油学报,2003,31(6):28-33.
[6]Yang Minghui,Jin Zhijun,Lv Xiuxiang,et al.Structural characteristics and hydrocarbon accumulation of Kuche fold-thrust belts,Tarim Basin[J].Journal of Xi’an Shiyou University:Natural Science Edition,2004,19(4):1-4.
杨明慧,金之钧,吕修祥,等.塔里木盆地库车褶皱冲断带的构造特征与油气聚集[J].西安石油大学学报:自然科学版,2004,19(4):1-4.
[7]Xu Zhenping,Xie Huiwen,Li Yong,et al.Characteristics and controlling factors of the subsalt differential structure in the Kelasu structural belt,Kuqa Depression[J].Natural Gas Geoscience,2012,23(6):1034-1038.
徐振平,谢会文,李勇,等.库车坳陷克拉苏构造带盐下差异构造变形特征及控制因素[J].天然气地球科学,2012,23(6):1034-1038.
[8]Wu Zhenyun,Yin Hongwei,Wang Xin,et al.The structural features and formation mechanism of exposed salt and lapirs in the front of fold-thrust belt,western Kuqa Depressaion[J].Journal of Nanjing University:Natural Sciences,2015,51(3):612-625.
吴珍云,尹宏伟,汪新,等.库车坳陷西段褶皱—冲断带前缘盐底辟构造特征及形成机制[J].南京大学学报:自然科学,2015,51(3):612-625.
[9]Liu Zhihong,Lu Huaxia,Jia Chengzao,et al.Orogeny timing and fault-slip rate and their significance to the rejuvenated foreland thrusts belt of Kuche[J].Petroleum Exploration and Development,2000,27(1):12-15.
刘志宏,卢华复,贾承造,等.库车再生前陆逆冲带造山运动时间、断层滑移速率的厘定及其意义[J].石油勘探与开发,2000,27(1):12-15.
[10]Jin Wenzheng,Tang Liangjie,Wang Qinghua,et al.Cenozoic tectonic evolution of the  eastern Qiulitage structural belt,Kuqa foreland basin in Xinjiang[J].Chinese Journal of  Geology,2007,42(3):444-454.
金文正,汤良杰,王清华,等.新疆库车盆地东秋里塔格构造带新生代的构造演化[J].地质科学,2007,42(3):444-454.
[11]Li Feng,Jiang Zhenxue,Li Zhuo,et al.Palaeo-fluId evidence for two-stage  hydrocarbon charges in Dibei gas reservoir of Kuqa Depression[J].Natural Gas Geoscience,2014,25(7):1033-1041.
李峰,姜振学,李卓,等.库车坳陷迪北气藏2期油气充注古流体证据[J].天然气地球科学,2014,25(7):1033-1041.
[12]Ma Yujie,Xie Huiwen,Cai Zhenzhong,et al.The geology feature of Dina 2 Gasfiled,Kuche Depression[J].Natural Gas Geoscience,2003,14(5):371-374.
马玉杰,谢会文,蔡振忠,等.库车坳陷迪那2气田地质特征[J].天然气地球科学,2003,4(5):371-374.
[13]Zhang Ronghu,Wang Junpeng,Mai Yujie,et al.The sedimentary microfacies palaeo-geomorphology and their controls on gas accumulation of deep-buried cretaceous in Kuqa Depression,Tarim Basin,China[J].Natural Gas Geoscience,2015,26(4):667-678.
张荣虎,王俊鹏,马玉杰,等.塔里木盆地库车坳陷深层沉积微相古地貌及其对天然气富集的控制[J].天然气地球科学,2015,26(4):667-678.
[14]Li Dejiang,Yi Shiwei,Ran Qigui,et al.Structural characters and potentiality of the east Qiulitage anticline belt in Kuqa Depression[J].Natural Gas Geoscience,2016,27(4):584-590.
李德江,易士威,冉启贵,等.塔里木盆地库车坳陷东秋里塔格构造样式及勘探前景[J].天然气地球科学,2016,27(4):584-590.
[15]Jin Wenzheng,Tang Liangjie,Wan Guimei,et al.Characteristics of salt-related tectonics in the eastern Qiulitage tectonic belt of Kuche foreland basin[J].Acta Petrolei Sinica,2007,28(3):8-11.
金文正,汤良杰,万桂梅,等.库车前陆盆地东秋里塔格区带盐相关构造特征[J].石油学报,2007,28(3):8-11.
[16]Yu Haibo,Qi Jiafu,Shi Jun,et al.Basementfault activities have influenced on caprock tectonic deformation in Kuqa Depression[J].Chinese Journal of Geology,2015,50(1):50-62.
余海波,漆家福,师俊,等.库车坳陷盐下构造对盐上盖层变形的影响因素分析[J].地质科学,2015,50(1):50-62.

[1] 张荣虎,王珂,王俊鹏,孙雄伟,李君,杨学君,周露. 塔里木盆地库车坳陷克深构造带克深8区块裂缝性低孔砂岩储层地质模型[J]. 天然气地球科学, 2018, 29(9): 1264-1273.
[2] 王清龙,林畅松,李浩,韩剑发,孙彦达,何海全. 塔里木盆地西北缘中下奥陶统碳酸盐岩沉积微相特征及演化[J]. 天然气地球科学, 2018, 29(9): 1274-1288.
[3] 董洪奎,李洪辉,杜德道,陈永权,严威,王珊. 塔里木盆地巴楚隆起吐木休克断裂带构造特征及形成演化[J]. 天然气地球科学, 2018, 29(7): 951-960.
[4] 周波,曹颖辉,齐井顺,黄世伟,刘策,贾进华,陈秀艳. 塔里木盆地古城地区下奥陶统储层发育机制[J]. 天然气地球科学, 2018, 29(6): 773-783.
[5] 朱光有,曹颖辉,闫磊,杨海军,孙崇浩,张志遥,李婷婷,陈永权. 塔里木盆地8 000m以深超深层海相油气勘探潜力与方向[J]. 天然气地球科学, 2018, 29(6): 755-772.
[6] 王珊,曹颖辉,杜德道,王石,李洪辉,董洪奎,严威,白莹. 塔里木盆地柯坪—巴楚地区肖尔布拉克组储层特征与主控因素[J]. 天然气地球科学, 2018, 29(6): 784-795.
[7] 曹颖辉,李洪辉,闫磊,王洪江,张君龙,杨敏,赵一民. 塔里木盆地满西地区寒武系台缘带分段演化特征及其对生储盖组合的影响[J]. 天然气地球科学, 2018, 29(6): 796-806.
[8] 闫磊,李洪辉,曹颖辉,杨敏,赵一民. 塔里木盆地满西地区寒武系台缘带演化及其分段特征[J]. 天然气地球科学, 2018, 29(6): 807-816.
[9] 陈斐然,张义杰,朱光有,张宝收,卢玉红,张志遥. 塔里木盆地台盆区深层天然气地球化学特征及成藏演化[J]. 天然气地球科学, 2018, 29(6): 880-891.
[10] 黄少英, 杨文静, 卢玉红, 张科, 赵青, 凡闪. 塔里木盆地天然气地质条件、资源潜力及勘探方向[J]. 天然气地球科学, 2018, 29(10): 1497-1505.
[11] 陈燕燕,胡素云,李建忠,王铜山, 陶小晚. 原油裂解过程中组分演化模型及金刚烷类化合物的地球化学特征[J]. 天然气地球科学, 2018, 29(1): 114-121.
[12] 任宇泽,林畅松,高志勇,刘景彦,宋宁宁. 塔里木盆地西南坳陷白垩系层序地层与沉积充填演化[J]. 天然气地球科学, 2017, 28(9): 1298-1311.
[13] 张建勇,倪新峰,吴兴宁,李文正,郝毅,陈娅娜,吕学菊,谷明峰,田瀚,朱茂. 中国主要克拉通盆地深层白云岩优质储层发育主控因素及分布[J]. 天然气地球科学, 2017, 28(8): 1165-1175.
[14] 石书缘,刘伟,黄擎宇,王铜山,周慧,王坤,马奎. 塔里木盆地北部震旦系齐格布拉克组白云岩储层特征及成因[J]. 天然气地球科学, 2017, 28(8): 1226-1234.
[15] 余琪祥,余风华,史政. 塔里木盆地巴什托构造异常高压特征及成因[J]. 天然气地球科学, 2017, 28(7): 1000-1007.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
No Suggested Reading articles found!