天然气地球科学 ›› 2020, Vol. 31 ›› Issue (11): 1537–1547.doi: 10.11764/j.issn.1672-1926.2020.06.002

• 天然气地质学 • 上一篇    下一篇

柴达木盆地北缘平台地区下干柴沟组下段稀土元素特征及物源分析

蒋赟1,2(),潘世乐1,2,秦彩虹3,蒋峥文3,朱文军3,张明峰1,4,孙国强1,4()   

  1. 1.中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院,甘肃 兰州 730000
    2.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
    3.中国石油青海油田公司勘探开发研究院,甘肃 敦煌 736202
    4.甘肃省油气资源研究重点实验室,甘肃 兰州 730000
  • 收稿日期:2020-02-19 修回日期:2020-06-08 出版日期:2020-11-10 发布日期:2020-11-24
  • 通讯作者: 孙国强 E-mail:jiangyun1234554321@163.com;sguoqiang@lzb.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:蒋赟(1995-),男,甘肃甘谷人,硕士研究生,主要从事含油气盆地石油地质学研究. E-mail:jiangyun1234554321@163.com.
  • 基金资助:
    甘肃省自然科学基金(17JR5RA293);甘肃省重点实验室专项(1309RTSA041)

Characteristics and provenance analysis of rare earth elements in the Lower section of Xiaganchaigou Formation in the platform area of the northern margin of Qaidam Basin

Yun JIANG1,2(),Shi-le PAN1,2,Cai-hong QIN3,Zheng-wen JIANG3,Wen-jun ZHU3,Ming-feng ZHANG1,4,Guo-qiang SUN1,4()   

  1. 1.Northwest Institute of Eco?Environmental Resources,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou 730000,China
    2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China
    3.Exploration and Development Research Institute of PetroChina Qinghai Oilfield Company,Dunhuang 736202,China
    4.Gansu Provincial Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Resources Research,Lanzhou 730000,China
  • Received:2020-02-19 Revised:2020-06-08 Online:2020-11-10 Published:2020-11-24
  • Contact: Guo-qiang SUN E-mail:jiangyun1234554321@163.com;sguoqiang@lzb.ac.cn

摘要:

柴达木盆地北缘构造带平台地区下干柴沟组下段主要发育河流相碎屑岩沉积,通过对钻井岩心样品中主微量元素分析测试,结果表明:下干柴沟组下段中稀土元素总含量(∑REE)分布在125.96~169.91 μg/g之间,平均值为151.11 μg/g;(La/Yb)N值在8.99~11.29之间,平均为9.91;(La/Sm)N值分布在3.42~4.10之间,平均为3.80;(Gd/Yb)N值分布在1.51~2.25之间,平均为1.73;总体上表现为轻稀土元素富集,重稀土元素亏损,且Eu负异常的特征。Ceanom异常指数与Lan/Ybn值表明当时沉积水体为氧化环境且沉积速率较快;重矿物组合以石榴石、磁铁矿、锆石、白钛矿和绿帘石为主,含少量电气石、榍石和角闪石。稀土元素和重矿物分析结果表明平台地区下干柴沟组下段沉积物源区岩性以花岗岩和沉积岩为主,少量来自碱性玄武岩。构造背景以大陆岛弧环境为主,通过对比周缘老山的构造背景及基岩类型,认为其沉积物源主要来自塞什腾山西段。上述研究为平台地区沉积体系的精细划分和寻找有利储层砂体提供了地质依据。

关键词: 稀土元素, 重矿物, 下干柴沟组下段, 平台地区, 柴达木盆地

Abstract:

Fluvial facies clastic rocks are mainly developed in the lower part of the Lower section of Xiaganchaigou Formation of Paleogene in the tectonic belt platform area in the northern margin of Qaidam Basin. By analyzing and testing the main trace elements in the drilling core samples of the Lower section of Xiaganchaigou Formation, the results showed that the total content of rare earth elements (∑REE) was between 125.96 μg/g and 169.91 μg/g, with an average value of 151.11 μg/g. (La/Yb)N value ranged from 8.99 to 11.29, with an average of 9.91. (La/Sm)N value ranged from 3.42 to 4.10, with an average of 3.80. (Gd/Yb)N value ranges from 1.51 to 2.25, with an average of 1.73. On the whole, it is characterized by enrichment of light rare earth elements, loss of heavy rare earth elements, and negative anomaly of Eu. Ceanom anomaly index and (La/Yb) n value indicate that the sedimentary water at that time is in an oxidizing environment with a faster deposition rate. The heavy mineral combination is dominated by garnet, magnetite, zircon, titanite and porphyry, and contains a small amount of tourmaline, sphene and amphibolyte. The analysis results of rare earth elements and heavy minerals show that the lithology of the lower sedimentary source area of Lower section of Xiaganchaigou Formation in the platform area is mainly granite and sedimentary rock, and a small amount comes from alkaline basalt. The tectonic setting of the study area is dominated by the continental island arc environment. By comparing the tectonic setting and bedrock types of the surrounding Laoshan, it is believed that the sediment source is mainly from the western section of Seshiteng Mountain. This study provides a geological basis for the fine division of sedimentary system and the search for favorable reservoir sand bodies in the platform area.

Key words: Rare earth element, Heavy mineral, Lower section of Xiaganchaigou Formation, Platform area, Qaidam BasinFoundation items: The Natural Science Foundation of Gansu Province, China(Grand No.17JR5RA293), The Gansu Provincial Key Laboratory Special Project, China (Grand No.1309RTSA041).

中图分类号: 

  • TE122.1+13
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