天然气地球科学

• 天然气地球化学 • 上一篇    

柴达木盆地西部咸水湖相沉积有机质中二苯并噻吩类组成特征及环境意义

周叶骏,关平,吴颜雄,刘沛显,丁晓楠,谭宇,庞磊
 
  

  1. 1.北京大学地球与空间科学学院石油与天然气研究中心,北京100871;
    2.中国石油青海油田分公司,甘肃 敦煌 736202
  • 收稿日期:2018-03-16 修回日期:2018-05-28 出版日期:2018-06-10 发布日期:2018-06-10
  • 通讯作者: 关平(1960-),男,江苏南京人,教授,主要从事沉积学与沉积地球化学研究. E-mail:pguanl@pku.edu.cn.
  • 作者简介:周叶骏(1992-),男,江苏苏州人,硕士研究生,主要从事石油地质学与有机地球化学研究.E-mail:1501210272@pku.edu.cn.

Characterization on the composition of dibenzothiophene series in saline lacustrine sediments in western Qaidam Basin and its environmental implications

Zhou Ye-Jun,Guan Ping,Wu Yan-xiong,Liu Pei-Xian,Ding Xiao-Nan,Tan Yu,Pang Lei
  

  1. 1.Institute of Oil and Gas,School of Earth and Space Sciences,Peking University,Beijing 100871,China;
    2.PetroChina Qinghai Oilfield Company,Dunhuang 736202,China
  • Received:2018-03-16 Revised:2018-05-28 Online:2018-06-10 Published:2018-06-10

摘要: 对柴达木盆地西部地区新生代的原油及烃源岩样品中有机质进行饱和烃与芳烃馏分的色谱—质谱分析。在验证样品为沉积相以咸水湖相为主的多物源沉积的基础上,对于沉积有机质中包含的二苯并噻吩及其衍生物的含量及分布特征进行研究,并探索中低成熟度下热演化程度和沉积环境因素对于二苯并噻吩类异构体甲基重排作用及烷基化程度的影响。研究表明,前人研究中使用的一些用以判别成熟度的二苯并噻吩类异构体的比值参数,在中低成熟度条件下受沉积环境因素影响较大,如4-甲基二苯并噻吩/1-甲基二苯并噻吩(MDR)等指标可能会受盐度控制而增大,对有机质成熟度并无指示意义;二苯并噻吩类的烷基化程度可以作为区分咸水湖相、海相、淡水湖相等的参考指标,并在一定程度上表征沉积时的盐度,高盐度使烷基化程度更高。

关键词: 二苯并噻吩, 烷基化, 甲基重排, 柴达木盆地, 新生代

Abstract: The Cenozoic crude oil and source rock samples from western Qaidam Basin were collected,and the gas chromatgraphy-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis of saturated hydrocarbon and aromatic components was conducted.The samples were proved to be mainly deposited in saline lacustrine environment with multiple depositional sources.Further,the composition characteristics of dibenzothiophene series were investigated,and the influence of thermal maturity and depositional environment on the alkylate and alkyl rearrangement effect of dibenzothiophene series was discussed for the low-to-medium maturity stages.As the results indicated,some parameters of the ratios of dibenzothiophene isomers,which were widely used to analyze the maturity stages in previous studies,are largely affected by depositional environment at low-to-medium maturity stages.The ratio of 4-MDBT/1-MDBT (MDR) can be enlarged with higher salinity,while may not be indicative of the maturity stages of the organic matter.The degree of alkylate of the dibenzothiophene series can be referred as an indicator to distinguish among saline lacustrine,fresh water lacustrine and marine facies,where the higher alkylate degree could have arisen from the higher salinity.

Key words: Dibenzothiophene, Alkylate, Alkyl rearrangement, Qaidam Basin, Cenozoic

中图分类号: 

  • TE122.1+13

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