天然气地球科学

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页岩气基本特征、主要挑战与未来前景

邹才能,赵群,董大忠,杨智,邱振,梁峰,王南,黄勇,端安详,张琴,胡志明   

  1. 1.中国石油勘探开发研究院,北京 100083; 2.国家能源页岩气研发(实验)中心,河北 廊坊 065007; 3.西南石油大学,四川 成都 610500
  • 收稿日期:2017-10-10 修回日期:2017-11-02 出版日期:2017-12-10 发布日期:2017-12-10
  • 作者简介:邹才能(1963-),男,重庆人,中国科学院院士,教授级高级工程师,博士,博士生导师,主要从事非常规油气地质学、常规岩性—地层油气藏与大油气区等地质理论技术研究及勘探生产实践等工作.E-mail:zcn@petrochina.com.cn.
  • 基金资助:
    国家科技重大专项(编号:2017ZX05035);国家重点基础研究发展计划(973)项目(编号:2013CB228001)联合资助.

Geological characteristics,main challenges and future prospect of shale gas

Zou Cai-neng,Zhao Qun,Dong Da-zhong,Yang Zhi,Qiu Zhen,Liang Feng,Wang Nan,Huang Yong,Duan An-xiang,Zhang Qin,Hu Zhi-ming   

  1. 1.Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration & Development,PetroChina,Beijing 100083,China; 2.National Energy Shale Gas R & D(Experimental)Center,Langfang 065007,China; 3.Southwest Petroleum University,Chengdu 610500,China
  • Received:2017-10-10 Revised:2017-11-02 Online:2017-12-10 Published:2017-12-10

摘要: 美国页岩气突破与工业化生产,开启了“非常规油气革命”,深刻改变了全球油气供给格局,影响了全球能源发展态势与油气价格走势。基于对国内外页岩气发展实践的总结以及页岩气基础研究所取得的认识:①系统总结了含气页岩层系的7项基本特征,即页岩气大面积连续分布、纹层及层理普遍发育、纳米级有机孔隙丰富、甜点区(段)富集、热成因游离气含量决定初产、天然裂缝发育及超压控制高产、水平井压裂缝网“人造气藏”实现有效开发等;②划分对比了中美页岩气发展的阶段,即中国分为合作借鉴、探索评价和规模建产3个阶段,美国分为科学探索、技术突破和跨越发展3个阶段;③指出未来中国页岩气发展仍面临落实非海相页岩气产出潜力、突破3 500m以深核心技术与装备、建立山地及丘陵地表“工厂化”生产模式、提升页岩气开发效率效益等4项主要挑战;④综合预测全球页岩气产量将持续快速增长,2040年有望达到1.1×1012m3,中国将可能成为仅次于北美的最大页岩气产区。

关键词: 黑色页岩, 页岩气革命, 纳米孔隙, 甜点区, 甜点段, 人造气藏, 非常规油气, 陆相页岩气, 海陆过渡相页岩气

Abstract:

The development of shale gas in the United States has made a breakthrough,which profoundly changed the pattern of oil and gas supply.It created the "shale gas revolution" on a global scale.Based on the practice of shale gas development in China and abroad,this paper aims to:(1)Summarize 5 basic characteristics,which are shale gas resource distribution,reservoir space,sweet spot area(section),hydrocarbon type and development mode.(2)Divide China shale development into three stages:scientific exploration,technological breakthrough and mature development.The United States is divided into three stages:scientific exploration,technological breakthrough and mature development.The United States is divided into three stages:scientific exploration,technological breakthrough and mature development.(3)Identify 4 challenges in the future development of China shale gas industry.It includes non-marine shale gas potential,core technology and equipment for resource deep than 3 500m,complex surface “factory mode” production,human geography and other non-technical factors.(4)Process economic evaluation under the conditions of government financial subsidies.China’s shale gas project FIRR is about 8.0% to 9.0%.Considering the global shale gas resources,consumer demand and other factors,its global shale gas production is expected to reach 1.1×1012m3 by 2040.
 

Key words: Black shale, Shale gas revolution, Nano pore, Sweet spot area, Sweet spot section, Artificial gas reservoir, Unconventional oil and gas;Continental shale, Transitional shale

中图分类号: 

  • TE122

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