天然气地球科学

• 天然气地球化学 • 上一篇    下一篇

天然气中丁烷地球化学特征及应用

王鹏1,沈忠民2,何崇康3,王君泽3,黄飞1,潘树林1,尹帅4   

  1. 1.宜宾学院资源与环境工程学院,四川 宜宾 644000;
    2.油气藏地质及开发工程国家重点实验室(成都理工大学),四川 成都 610059;
    3.中国石油长庆油田分公司,陕西 西安 710000;
    4.中国地质大学能源学院,北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2016-10-25 修回日期:2017-01-09 出版日期:2017-04-10 发布日期:2017-04-10
  • 作者简介:王鹏(1986-),男,四川西充人,讲师,博士,主要从事油气地质与地球化学研究. E-mail:wp2009@126.com.
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(编号:41172119);宜宾学院科研启动项目(编号:2015QD09);宜宾市科技局重点科技项目联合资助.

The geochemical characteristics of butane and its application

Wang Peng1,Shen Zhong-min2,He Chong-kang3,Wang Jun-ze3,Huang Fei1,Pan Shu-lin1,Yin Shuai4   

  1. 1.College of Mining and Safety Engineering,Yibin University,Yibin 644000,China;
    2.State Key Laboratory of Oil and Gas Reservoir Geology and Exploration,Chengdu University of Technology,Chengdu 610059,China;
    3.Changqing Oilfield Company,PetroChina,Xi’an 710000,China;
    4.School of Energy Resources,China University of Geosciences,Beijing 100083,China
  • Received:2016-10-25 Revised:2017-01-09 Online:2017-04-10 Published:2017-04-10

摘要:

在分析内因(有机质类型、有机质成熟度)与外因(生物降解、运移)对天然气中丁烷地球化学特征影响的基础上,探讨了丁烷在天然气研究中的应用。首先明确了内因,外因对丁烷地球化学特征的影响:腐殖型有机质生成的煤型气iC4/nC4值、δ13C4值均高于腐泥型有机质生成的油型气;iC4/nC4值随成熟度增加而降低,且在成熟阶段快速降低、进入高成熟阶段后缓慢降低;微生物降解会使得天然气中iC4/nC4值增大,且降解作用越强iC4/nC4值越大。而目前有关运移是否会影响iC4/nC4值及如何影响iC4/nC4值还存在较大争议。发现丁烷在天然气生物降解、天然气成因、天然气成熟度等研究中都有较好的应用:iC4/nC4值能有效判识天然气是否发生生物降解,生物降解气iC4/nC4值大于2、普遍大于3,iC4/nC4值大于3可以判定天然气发生生物降解,未降解气iC4/nC4值小于3、普遍小于2,iC4/nC4值小于2可以判定天然气未发生生物降解;iC4/nC4值、δ13C4值均能有效判识受外因影响较小天然气的成因,其判别标准分别为油型气iC4/nC4值小于0.8、煤型气iC4/nC4值大于0.8与油型气δ13C4值小于-26‰、煤型气δ13C4值大于-26‰;iC4/nC4值对天然气成熟度判识也有重要作用。iC4/nC4值示踪天然气运移存在多解性,其有效性也明显不如其他指标,应慎重选择其示踪天然气运移。

关键词: 丁烷地球化学特征, iC4/nC4, 生物降解, 运移示踪, 天然气成因

Abstract:

Based on comprehensive analysis of internal factors (i.e.,organic matter type and organic matter maturity) and external factor (i.e.,biodegradation and migration) on characteristics of butane,the application of geochemical characteristics of butane was studied.The paper cleared the effects of internal factors on characteristics of butane.The coal type gas derived from humic organic matters,which had the higher iC4/nC4 ratio and δ13C4 value than the oil type gas from sapropellic organic matters.The iC4/nC4 ratio decreased with the increase of maturity,and it decreased quickly at the mature stage and slowly at the high-mature stage.The iC4/nC4 ratio would increase as the biodegradation increases,and the stronger the biodegradation,the higher the iC4/nC4 ratio.Whether the migration would affect the iC4/nC4 ratio and how it affects,both are uncertain.It is found that the butane can provide information about the biodegradation,genesis and maturity of natural gas.The iC4/nC4 ratio can be used to effectively determine the gas is biodegraded or normal.The iC4/nC4 ratios of biodegraded gas were higher than 2 and most of them were higher than 3.If the iC4/nC4 ratio is higher than 3,the natural gas is biodegraded gas.The iC4/nC4 ratios of normal gas were lower than 3 and most of them were lower than 3,if the iC4/nC4 ratio is lower than 2,the natural gas is normal gas.For the gas suffered less influence by external factor,the oil type which has iC4/nC4 ratios lower than 0.8 and δ13C4 value lower than -26‰,the coal type gas which has iC4/nC4 ratios higher than 0.8 and δ13C4 value higher than -26‰.The iC4/nC4 ratios can help analyze the maturity of natural gas.For the iC4/nC4 as trace index,there are still more controversial and poor effectiveness,and should be carefully to choose it for tracing migration.

Key words: Geochemical characteristics of butane, iC4/nC4 , Biodegradation, Trace migration, Natural gas origin

中图分类号: 

  • TE122.1+13

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