天然气地球科学

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华北陆块新区新层页岩气潜在勘探新领域——南华北下寒武统马店组烃源岩及其含气系统

陶士振1,刘德良2,李昌伟1,曹高社1,3,李振生1,4,胡素云1,秦胜飞1,高晓辉1,刘全有5,邓国荣6,吴向华6,李广志6,胡斌6   

  1. 1.中国石油勘探开发研究院,北京 100083;
    2.中国科学技术大学天然气地质资源环境研究中心,安徽 合肥 230026;
    3.河南理工大学资源环境学院,河南 焦作 454000;4.合肥工业大学资源环境学院,安徽 合肥 230009;
    5.中国石化勘探开发研究院,北京 100083;
    6.中国石化资产经营管理有限公司合肥培训测试中心,安徽 合肥 230022
  • 收稿日期:2014-03-19 修回日期:2014-07-14 出版日期:2014-11-10 发布日期:2014-11-10
  • 作者简介:陶士振(1966-),男,安徽颍上人,教授级高级工程师,主要从事油气成藏机理与分布评价研究.E-mail:tsz@petrochina.com.cn.
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(编号:40972134;41172117;41372194);中国石油科技项目(编号:2014B-0307;2014B-0608)联合资助.

Exploration Frontiers of Unexplored Shale Layer in New District,North China Block:Source Rock and Its Gas System of Madian Formation of Lower Cambrian in the Southern Part of North China Block (SNCB)

TAO Shi-zhen1,LIU De-liang2,LI Chang-wei1,CAO Gao-she1,3,LI Zhen-sheng1,4,HU Su-yun1,QIN Sheng-fei1,GAO Xiao-hui1,LIU Quan-you5,DENG Guo-rong6,WU Xiang-hua6,LI Guang-zhi6,HU Bin6   

  1. 1.Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration & Development,PetroChina,Beijing 100083,China; 2.School of Earth and Space Sciences,University of Science and Technology of China,Hefei 230026,China; 3.Institute of Resources & Environment,Henan Polytechnic University,Jiaozuo 454000,China; 4.School of Resources and Environmental Engineering,Hefei University of Technology,Hefei 230009,China; 5.Exploration & Production Research Institute,SINOPEC,Beijing 100083,China; 6.Hefei Training & Test Center,Asset Management Company of SINOPEC,Hefei 230022,China
  • Received:2014-03-19 Revised:2014-07-14 Online:2014-11-10 Published:2014-11-10

摘要: 南华北陆块居于兰考—砀山果园场—台儿庄断裂以南至大别造山带北淮阳构造带北部,广泛分布晚震旦世末至早寒武世马店期地层,系一套连续完整的海相自然岩石组合,为海侵沉积层序,自下而上可分4个岩性段:一段为灰黑色砂质页岩|二段为黑灰色含磷砾岩|三段为黑色富磷含金属元素页岩;四段为灰色砂灰岩。马店组有机质属Ⅰ型|有机碳含量为0.68%~26.39%,为好—特好烃源岩;RO值为2%~5%,多为2%~3.5%,尚处于生气高峰期。这里存在第三岩性段干酪根热降解、原油热裂解形成热解、裂解成因页岩气和第二岩性段特别是第四岩性段及其上覆猴家山组形成常规圈闭气藏的现实可能性,即具有烃源岩内非常规页岩气和源外砂灰岩气藏2套含气系统。研究区内存在二次成藏,虽然能够受到多层顺层韧性剪切带糜棱岩纳米级颗粒涂抹的良好保护,但也往往遭到晚期脆性剪切带的条块分割。研究成果及认识对拓展页岩气勘探新区新领域具有一定意义。

关键词: 华北陆块, 下寒武统, 马店组, 页岩气, 气聚集区

Abstract: SNCB is located in south of Lankao-Dangshan Guoyuanchang-Taierzhuang fault and north of Beihuaiyang tectonic belt in Dabie orogeny.The Upper Sinian-Lower Cambrian Madian Formation is widely distributed in SNCB,which is a continuous marine rock association.This sedimentary sequence of transgression can be divided into four lithologic members from bottom to top:gray black arenaceous shale,black gray phosphorus conglomerate,black phosphorus-rich shale that contains metal elements and gray arenaceous limestone.With type Ⅰ organic matter and high  TOC (0.68%-26.39%),Madian Formation belongs to good-very good source rock.The RO ranges from 2% to 5% with a main distribution in 2%-3.5%,which means the Madian Formation lies in the peak-period of gas generation.Therefore it is possible that shale gas accumulated from the thermal degradation of kerogen or the cracking of crude oil in the third member or conventional gas accumulated in the second member,especially the fourth member and its overlying Houjiashan Formation.Though secondary accumulation can be protected by nanoscale particles smear in the mylonite which formed in multilayer bedded ductile shear zone,they have always been split into bars and block by later brittle shear zone.

Key words: North China Block, Lower Cambrian Series, Madian Formation, Shale gas, Gas accumulation area

中图分类号: 

  • TE132.2
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