天然气地球科学

• 天然气地质学 • 上一篇    下一篇

塔里木盆地鸟山东断裂带构造特征、形成机制及油气地质意义

倪斌,汤良杰,李萌,宋智华   

  1. 1.中国冶金地质总局矿产资源研究院,北京 101300;
    2.中国石油大学(北京)油气资源与探测国家重点实验室,北京 102249;
    3.中国石油大学(北京)盆地与油藏研究中心,北京 102249;
    4.中山大学广东省海洋资源与近岸工程重点实验室,广东 广州 510006
  • 收稿日期:2017-11-13 修回日期:2018-05-16 出版日期:2018-06-10 发布日期:2018-06-10
  • 通讯作者: 李萌(1984-),男,山东滨州人,副研究员,博士后,主要从事含油气盆地构造分析研究. E-mail:limeng.juwen@163.com
  • 作者简介:倪斌(1989-),男,山东泰安人,助理工程师,硕士,主要从事构造地质分析研究.E-mail:nibin0538@163.com.
  • 基金资助:

    国家重点研发计划(编号:2016YFC0600210);国家自然科学基金项目(编号:41572105;41172125);国家重点基础研究发展计划(“973”)项目(编号:2012CB214804)联合资助.

Structural characteristics,formation mechanism and petroleum geologicalsignificances of East Niaoshan fault zone,Tarim Basin

Ni Bin,Tang Liang-jie,Li Meng,Song Zhi-hua   

  1. 1.Institute of Mineral Resource Research,China Metallurgical Geology Bureau,Beijing 101300,China;
    2.State Key Laboratory of Petroleum Resource and Prospecting,China University of Petroleum,Beijing 102249,China;
    3.Basin and Reservoir Research Center,China University of Petroleum,Beijing 102249,China;
    4.Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Marine Resources and Coastal Engineering,School of Marine Sciences,Sun Yat-sen University,Guangzhou 510006,China
  • Received:2017-11-13 Revised:2018-05-16 Online:2018-06-10 Published:2018-06-10

摘要:

根据最新的三维地震资料,对塔里木盆地鸟山东断裂带进行了精细解释,分析了该断裂带剖面构造样式和平面展布特征,进而探讨了其发育演化模式和石油地质意义,拟为该区构造分析与油气勘探提供新思路。研究表明,鸟山东断裂带以古近系为界具有明显的深浅分层构造特征,同时沿断裂带走向又具有分段差异性:深层挤压—走滑逆冲断裂在南段主要由东向西逆冲,在北段逆冲方向主要为由西向东,浅层的逆冲滑脱断裂在各构造段均有发育。断裂带主要经历了4期构造变形,分别是早—中寒武世的张性正断裂活动、古近纪初的基底逆冲断裂活动、中新世的挤压—走滑断裂活动以及上新世末期—全新世的逆冲滑脱断裂活动。鸟山东断裂带具有挤压—走滑的性质,控制了构造圈闭的形成和改造;同时,断裂带沟通麦盖提斜坡深部寒武系烃源岩,可作为有利的油气运移通道。

关键词: 鸟山东断裂带, 构造特征, 活动期次, 形成机制, 油气地质意义

Abstract:

Based on the latest 3D seismic data,the fine interpretation of East Niaoshan fault zone was made,the profile structural styles and plane distribution characteristics of the fault zone were analyzed,then the authors discuss its development evolution model and petroleum geological significance,to provide a new idea for the geological structure modeling and oil and gas exploration.The research results show that the East Niaoshan fault zone has clear layered features with Paleogene as the boundary,besides,the structural style of this fault zone is variable along its length.Deep compressional strike-slip thrust fault is mainly driven from east to west in the southern section,while the thrust direction of the north section is mainly from west to east,and the shallow decollement thrust fault develops in the whole fault zone.Four deformation stages of the fault zone are recognized,the Early-Middle Cambrian tensional normal faulting,the Early Paleogene basement thrust faulting and the Miocene compressional strike-slip faulting and the Late Pliocene-Holocene shallow decollement thrust fault which was detached along the gypsum salt rock at the bottom of the Paleogene.The East Niaoshan fault zone has the properties of squeezing and sliding,controlling the formation and reformation of the structural traps;simultaneously,the fault zone connects the deep Cambrian hydrocarbon source rocks in the Markit slope,which can be used as a favorable oil and gas migration channel.

Key words: East Niaoshan fault zone, Structural characteristics, Deformation stage, Formation mechanism, Petroleum geological significance

中图分类号: 

  • TE121

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